Elevator design is not something many people think of. Even professional architects, urban planners 和 designers overlook their significance to modern buildings 和 cities as a whole. Over the past decade our team of vertical transportation specialists has worked to elevate the narrative around these little spaces in a big way.
Below are 25 of the best 和 unexpected elevator designs that will make you rethink your vertical commute.
的 奔驰博物馆 is an automobile museum in 德国斯图加特. 的 Museum celebrates the automobile invented by Carl Benz in 1886: it relates the history of transportation 和 tells its stories, bringing the vehicle alive by placing it in the context of technology, day-to-day life, social history 和 popular culture. With more than 160 vehicles of all types on display ranging from some of the oldest automobiles ever built to legendary racing cars to futuristic concepts, research vehicles 和 vertical transportation cabs. For that reason, the 奔驰博物馆 tops the list of the elevators that changed everything.
的 劳埃德大厦 (sometimes known as 由内而外的建筑) is the home of the insurance institution 伦敦劳埃德百货公司。它位于旧址 伦敦主要金融区的东印度之家。该建筑是激进主义的典范 高科技（鲍威尔主义） architecture in which the mechanical services for the building, such as ducts 和 电梯位于外部，以最大化内部空间。每次旅行时，电梯都会为建筑物的外墙设置动画，同时提供伦敦市中心的全景。
非洲当代艺术博物馆（MOCAA）是位于V区的当代艺术博物馆&A Waterfront in 南非开普敦. 由Thomas Heatherwick设计, it transforms a nearly 200-foot-high grain elevator 和 silo that, when completed in 1924, stood as the tallest structure in the region. In the places where tubes were cut back, custom polished glass elevators were inserted creating a visible contrast between the rough, heaviness of the old concrete. 的 resulting atrium provides access to all of the exhibition spaces 和 one of the most unique elevator rides in the world.
的 圣胡斯塔缆车, also called Carmo Lift, is an elevator in the historical city of 葡萄牙里斯本 which connects the lower streets of the Baixa with the higher Largo do Carmo. 的 elevator is a vertical structure consisting of a metal 塔, observation platform, walkway 和 base. Its base includes four vertical columns, each composed of two pillars. 的 elevator is decorated in a Neo-Gothic style in iron. Since iron was a new building material at the time of its construction, it is symbolic of the technical 和 memorial construction from this period, representing the culture of the 1900s, when the structure 和 elevators were considered a major innovation 和 portent of a modern age.
史密斯大厦是华盛顿西雅图先锋广场的一座摩天大楼。这座38层，148英尺（148英尺）高的大厦于1914年竣工，是该市最古老的摩天大楼。竣工之时直至堪萨斯城电力公司竣工之际，它是纽约市以外最高的摩天大楼之一& Light Building in 1931, 和 remained the tallest building on the West Coast until the Space Needle overtook it in 1962. Walking into the ornate, marble lobby of the 103-year-old landmark is like stepping back in time. Elevator operators stand next to golden carriages, ready to pull doors 和 levers by hand 和 push buttons to shuttle office workers to the floors above.
Sperone Westwater is a contemporary 美术馆 in the Bowery, in Manhattan, in New York City. 由Foster + Partners设计, the building is a tall narrow 塔 whose “verticality” is emphasized by one distinguishing feature, a 12 x 20 foot “moving room”, which is both a physical response to the gallery’s dynamic programme 和 a kinetic addition to the street. Contained within a bright red box, the gallery rises gradually to connect the upper four floors all the while being visible through the translucent glass facade. In a flexible spatial arrangement, the exhibition space can be extended at any given floor by parking the moving room, whereupon an additional lift 和 stairs provide alternative routes up through the building.
由Foster + Partners设计
的 惠特尼博物馆 of American 艺术– known informally as the "Whitney" – is an art museum 位于 Manhattan. Founded in 1931 by Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, a wealthy 和 prominent American socialite 和 art patron, 的 Whitney focuses on 20th- 和 21st-century American art. Among the most unexpected features of the museum are four site-specific art commissions by the artist Richard Artschwager. 的 artwork is comprised of four elevator interiors, the last major work the artist completed before his death in 2013.
1976年完成， CN Tower is a 553.3 m-high concrete communications 和 observation tower located in Downtown Toronto, Ontario, 加拿大. 的 塔 held the record as the tallest building for more than three decades 和 remains the tallest in the Western Hemisphere. When it opened, the 加拿大国家电视塔 introduced the world to the highest panoramic glass elevators offering thrilling new perspective 和 a 360º view of the world around it. For it’s tremendous height, 和 unrivalled view, the 加拿大国家电视塔 remains an engineering feat.
多伦多 ON. 加拿大.
的 Olympique Tower is a multi-purpose stadium 位于 Montréal, Quebec. Built in the mid-1970s as the main venue for the 1976 Summer Olympics. Carrying over 50 passengers, the glass-encased elevator car, or “funicular”, brings visitors 两分钟车程 to the to top of the 塔. 的 elevator cabin ascends from base of the 塔 to an observation deck in less than two minutes at a rate of 2.8 m/s (6.3 mph).
这座臭名昭著的塔楼是世界上最知名的建筑物之一。建成后，埃菲尔铁塔的高度达到320米（1050英尺），成为40多年来世界上最高的人造结构。大多数人不庆祝的是电梯的工程壮举，甚至当时还配备了电梯。建成作为入口 经过精心保存的1889年世界博览会 wrought-iron lattice 塔 weighs around 10000 tonnes 和 contain two custom elevators, which incredibly are still in service today. Named after the engineer Gustave Eiffel, it was 奥的斯电梯 Co. who built 和 engineered the lifts that brought life to the structure.
的 张家界 National Forest Park is a unique national forest park 位于 张家界 City in Hunan Province in China. 的 塔ing Bailong Elevator, literally 'hundred dragons sky lift', was opened to the public in 2002, at 326 m (1,070 ft), it is the world's tallest outdoor lift. It can transport visitors to the top from its foot in less than two minutes. 的 structure is composed of three separate glass elevators, each of which can carry up to 50 people at a time.
Spanish architect Carles Enrich has built a 20-metre-high elevator next to a Catalonian cliffside to connect the old 和 new parts of a town. Featuring walls of perforated brickwork, the elevator is 位于 the Gironella municipality of Spain, where an old town 和 a modernised urban area are divided by the Llobregat river. Beforehand, the old town was only accessible via a steep 和 uneven staircase – something not suited to its older residents 和 families with young children.
OCAD大学, formerly the Ontario College of 艺术和 Design, is a public university 位于 多伦多 Ontario, 加拿大. 由Will Alsop设计, the building floats above the neighbourhood below supported by a series of multi-coloured pillars. Adjacent to the AGO, the design consists of a perforated box seven storeys off the ground accessible by an elevator shaft connected to the street entrance below.
多伦多 ON. 加拿大.
1998年，雷姆·库哈斯（Rem Koolhaas）用波尔多（Maison Bordeaux）的设计重新定义了“房屋就是生活的机器”一词。即使没有重复或重复的组织系统，房屋的三个体积中的每一个都由在每层之间移动的中央电梯捆绑在一起。 3x3.5m的升降平台不仅由大型液压活塞驱动，不仅是用于楼层之间垂直循环的升降机，还使其自身转变为动力室，可提供从地下室，厨房层一直到卧室的通道。最高楼层。
由OMA Rem Koolhaas设计
的 Louvre is the world's largest art museum 和 a historic monument in 法国巴黎。 A central landmark of the city, 和 with an area of 72,735 square metres (782,910 sq/ft), it houses approximately 38,000 objects from prehistory to the 21st century. Modernized in 1989, I.M. Pei’s redesign of the french palace included a large glass 和 steel pyramid surrounded by three smaller triangles that provide light to the space below. One of the main features is the ultramodern hydraulic elevator, which lifts visitors from the under ground level to main floor above. 的 area under the platform is fully enclosed by smooth telescoping guards, on all accessible platform sides.
在瑞典斯德哥尔摩可以找到世界上最不寻常的升降机之一。名为SkyView的电梯位于Globen竞技场的外部，直径110米（361 feet) 和 an inner height of 85 meters (279 feet), it is the largest spherical structure in the world. 的 elevator is a glass 和 metal sphere itself, climbing over 130 meters (425 feet) 和 departing every 10 minutes, the SkyView provides visitors an unprecedented view of world around it.
由Lars Vretblad的Svante Berg设计
法国总统于1977年1月31日宣布成立， Centre Pompidou is a complex building in 法国巴黎。 Designed in the style of high-tech architecture by the team of Richard Rogers 和 Renzo Piano, along with Gianfranco Franchini. Initially, all of the functional structural elements of the building were colour-coded: green pipes are plumbing, blue ducts are for climate control, electrical wires are encased in yellow, 和 circulation elements 和 devices for safety are red. Accordingly the elevators that move throughout the transparent building are encased in a red frame brining a mechanically kinetic movement to the centre.
由理查德·罗杰斯（Richard Rogers）设计 和 Renzo Piano
的 布拉德伯里大厦 is an architectural landmark located at 304 South Broadway at West 3rd Street in downtown 加利福尼亚洛杉矶. Built in 1893, the five-story office building is best known for its extraordinary skylit atrium of access walkways, stairs 和 elevators, 和 their ornate ironwork. 的 building was commissioned by Los Angeles gold-mining millionaire Lewis L. Bradbury 和 constructed by draftsman George Wyman from the original design by Sumner Hunt. It appears in many works of fiction 和 has been the site of many movie 和 television shoots 和 music videos.
的 Autostadt (German for Automobile City) is a visitor attraction adjacent to the Volkswagen factory in 德国沃尔夫斯堡。 的 complex was designed by Henn GmbH. 的 Autostadt supplies customers with free entrance, meal tickets 和 a variety of events building up to the point where the customer can follow on screen as the automatic elevator picks up the selected car in one of the silos. 的 car is then transported out to the customer without having driven a single meter, 和 the odometer is thus on "0" autonomizing the entire car purchasing process.
仙台Mediatheque是一个综合公共设施的混合节目 library and art gallery 功能位于日本仙台市。伊藤丰雄（Toyo Ito）于1995年受仙台市（Sendai）委托参加公开竞赛，并于2001年1月向公众开放。 The Mediatheque's seven levels of facilities offer a range of services housed in a nearly cubic glass enclosure. 的 seven platforms are supported by what Ito calls "characterizing" architectural elements: a forest of 13 non-uniform tubes which appear to rise fluidly through the building. 的 tubes create links throughout the full height of the building housing vertical transportation, natural circulation of air, 和 light, 和 mechanical elements such as electricity, data infrastructure, 和 plumbing. 的 constant motion of people through the stairs 和 elevators, as well as the glow of light passing through these tubes creates a perceptual link between the floors.